Towards a media and information literacy competency framework in Myanmar
Media and information literacy (MIL) is defined as a “set of competencies
that empowers citizens to access, retrieve, understand, evaluate and use,
create as well as share information and media content in all formats, using
various tools, in a critical, ethical and effective way, in order to participate
and engage in personal, professional and societal activities” (UNESCO, 2013).
MIL brings together two distinct fields, information literacy and media
literacy, and, more recently, has been described as a composite concept or
an “ecosystem” consisting of additional elements such as news literacy, ICT
literacy, digital literacy, films/cinema literacy, advertising literacy, and library
literacy. Together, these elements present a combined set of competencies
necessary for life and work today. As a composite concept, MIL encompasses
learning, critical thinking and interpretive skills and addresses all types of
media and all forms and formats of information resources.
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